20th anniversary of WWW

In March 1989 Tim Berners-Lee, now the chairman of W3C, wrote a proposal for information management showing to European Organisation of Nuclear Research (CERN) which explained how information can be easily shared over Internet using hypertext. On the following year Robert Cailliau, a systems engineer and later the first Web surfer joined Tim’s project and soon became one of its first advocates.

Berners-Lee created a browser and editor as the same software with the goal of developing a tool to make the Web a creative space to share and edit information and build a common hypertext. The name for their new browser came out in May 1990 and it was the WorldWideWeb.

The very first address of the world’s first-ever web site and web server, running on a NeXT computer at CERN was info.cern.ch. The first web page address was http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html, which centred on information regarding the W3 project. It was August 6th, 1991. Visitors could learn more about hypertext, technical details for creating their own webpage, and even an explanation on how to search the Web for information. There are no screenshots of this original page and, in any case, changes were made daily to the information available on the page as the WWW project developed.

However the NeXt operating system was far more advanced than other PC based OS (like DOS) and it took little over a year for them to develop browser which was able to run on any computer or terminal. That was so called linear line mode browser. It was designed to run by using text commands, there was no mouse, no pointers and no clicks but it was able to browse the first WWW and by the end of the 1992 there were already 26 web server on the web. By the end of 1993 browsers were developed for both PCs and Macintosh.

And the rest is Web history…

Screenshot of one of the first web pages ever created….


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